Provenance: with Parke-Bernet Feb ’59 paper label We are proud to offer this Dutch delft Blue and White spotted cow made circa 1770.
From the mid-18th century onwards it was the fashion to decorate the interior of Dutch homes with delft models of animals. This and blue and white delft, hand painted, cow is modeled lying prone on a conforming base. Her large eyes are accented by strong eyebrows and defined eyelashes. Her head is slightly turned to the left, and her ears are perked out as if she were listening to some sound. Making these figures was a complex and expensive process: a carver was required who would make a model in wood or shape one in clay. From the model ceramic molds would be cast. In the eighteenth century, The Netherlands was an agricultural region and figures of cows were a favorite.
6.5″ wide x 2.75 x 5.5″ tall
Background of Dutch delft:
By the mid-15th century potters from southern Europe migrated through France to the Netherlands, and the earthenware industry became well established in Antwerp. In the second half of the 16th century, under religious pressure, many of these protestant artisans were forced to leave Antwerp. Most moved to the northern Netherlands. The rise of the potting industry in the northern Netherlands occurred simultaneously with the decline of the beer brewing industry in the town of delft. As the delft brewers ceased production, their large abandoned buildings on the canals were quickly occupied by the pottery makers who could utilize the large spaces and the convenient water source for the transportation of their raw materials and finished wares. In the mid-17th century a war in China interrupted the production of Chinese blue and white porcelains to Europe. The potters in delft were able to fill the void in the market and they began producing earthenware’s in the style of Chinese porcelain, which they successfully marketed as “porcelain.” Within the next century and a half, the delft pottery-makers became increasingly successful and their range of styles broadened to include European subjects and other original styles. At the height of production the city of delft counted almost 40 factories. So successful were the delft factories that many factories across Europe and especially in England across the channel began to produce delftware.