This Sunderland lustre jug or pitcher is that rare piece of English pottery that is a piece of British history. It is dated 1824. It has historical value relating to the British empire and freemasonry. 1824 was during the reign of King George IV of the United Kingdom. The images and devices depicted upon it pertain to a lodge of the Orange Order and in particular to the ‘Honourable & Loyal Orange Lodge No. 91’. Height: 7.75″. Conditon: Very Good/Excellent. There is a stain to the underside of the pitcher and very slight wear to the lustre by the spout. Price: $1,100
Seen on the ‘front of the jug is an equestrian image of King William III (William of Orange) astride his mount with the motto of the Most Noble Order of the Garter ‘Honi soit q mal y pense’ [Evil be to him who thinks evil of it] written above the king. There are two other panels: the one to the right of the handle depicts two gentlemen supporting the ‘Crown’ which alludes to the order’s loyalty to the king of Britain; whilst the other panel, the one to the left of the handle, reflects the masonic nature of the Orange Order depicting the many and various symbols and motifs of freemasonry (see image #4). These symbols and motifs were taken from the Renaissance mystical tradition.
Today, the Orange Order is formally known as the Loyal Orange Institution. It is an international Protestant fraternal order based in Northern Ireland. It also has lodges in England, Scotland, the Republic of Ireland, the United States of America, and the Commonwealth of Nations. It is dedicated to doing good works in the Protestant community.Historically, it promoted improvements in alleviating the miseries of public prisoners and provided medical relief for the poor.
Background of the Orange Order
The Orange order was founded in the County of Armagh in 1795 as a Masonic-style fraternity. It is headed by the Grand Orange Lodge of Ireland, which was established in 1798. Its name is a tribute to the Dutch-born prince William of Orange’s defeat of Catholic King James II of England, Scotland, and Ireland in 1688.
On one side of the Jug are the following words:
May Orangemen true, their rights pursue whilst honor crowns their Cause. Their Church and King,
and every Thing that constitute their Laws.
On the other side of the pitcher are Masonic symbols above the following words:
“May the Orange Institution stand as firm as the Oak. and its enemies fall off like the Leaves in October.”
The collar of the pitcher has pink lustre decoration.