A pair of wonderful antique creamware porcelain dog figurines made by Nove di Bassano. These creamware poodles were made in Italy in the first quarter of the 19th century. Each modeled dog sits on a stepped base.
The artist used curled and glazed creamware shavings to make the poodles’ hair. He applied the shavings around the head, chest, and ankles, not wasting any of his materials.
Slight differences in stance and facial expression give each dog his own personality. Both poodles have eyes which are soulful and whimsical. Each one is happily chewing on a bone.
H 7.25 in. x W 3.25 in. x D 5.7 in.
$4,700 for the pair
Porcelain, and later creamware, production first began in Nove and Bassano in the early 18th century. Several factors were important in bringing about potteries in this region of Italy. Among these, the most important were the presence of a useable clay and kaolin for the production of porcelain. The proximity of the Brenta River allowed the transport of finished products to markets and brought wood to the factory to fuel the ovens. The Brenta River also provided hydraulic force to operate the machinery of the factory.
Lastly, in 1728 the Venetian Senate gave tax rebates to anyone who could produce porcelain or improve Italian majolica with the hopes of creating a local ceramics industry. The Bassano and Nove craftsmen successfully created porcelain and creamware under this incentive.
Creamware is a cream-colored, refined earthenware with a glaze over a pale body. Potters from Staffordshire, England created it in the mid-1700’s. Foremost among the pioneers of creamware were Thomas Whieldon and his apprentice Josiah Wedgwood. The young Josiah Wedgwood was in partnership with Thomas Whieldon from 1754 to 1759. Afterwards, Wedgwood left to set up independently at Ivy House, where he immediately directed his efforts to the development of creamware.
Wedgwood improved creamware by introducing china-clay into both the body and glaze and so was able to produce creamware of a much paler color that was lighter, stronger, and more delicately worked. He perfected the ware by about 1770.
His superior creamware, known as ‘Queen’s ware,’ was supplied to Queen Charlotte and Catherine the Great and became hugely popular. There were few changes to creamware after about 1770 and the Wedgwood formula was gradually adopted by most other manufacturers.
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